Population 70.5 but still counting janvier 22, 2008Posted by Acturca in Economie, Istanbul, Turquie.
Tags: Adana, Ankara, Ardahan, Ömer Demir, Bursa, census, Hakan Ercan, Istanbul, Izmir, Middle East Technical University, population, rural, TÜIK, Tiliç, Turkish Statistics Institute, Turquie, urban
Turkish Daily News
22 January 2008, Ankara
According to initial results from the new address-based system, Turkey’s population stands at 70.5 million. A lower than expected figure that will change most economic and social figures, experts say.
Based on the latest population census carried out by the Ankara-based statistics institute, Turkey’s population as of Dec. 31, 2007 stood at 70,586,256.
For the first time an electronic address-based population registration system was used in the country.
In the previous census, carried out on Oct. 22, 2000 with a curfew imposed and officials visiting every household and registering those inside, the population of the country was announced as 67,844,000.
Based on the new census, Turkey’s population grew by 4.1 percent since 2000. The Turkish Statistics Institute (TÜIK) said the new address-based system prevented duplicate registration. The TÜIK will from now onward announce new population figures annually.
According to the data, there are 35,376,533 men and 35,209,723 women in Turkey.
The census found that 70.5 percent of the population (49,747,859) lives in urban centers while 29.6 percent (20,838,397) lives in rural Turkey.
The most urbanized province is Ankara, with 92.7 percent of its population living in urban centers, while Ardahan, in northeastern Turkey, is the least urbanized, with 68.2 percent living in villages.
17.8 percent of population in Istanbul:
According to the census, 17.8 percent of the population, amounting to 12,573,836, lives in Turkey’s most populous city Istanbul.
Istanbul is followed by Ankara with 4,466,756 (6.3 percent), Izmir 3,739,353 (5.3 percent), Bursa 2,439,876 (3.5 percent) and Adana 2,006,650 (2.8 percent).
The five cities in the country with the lowest population are Bayburt (76,609), Tunceli (84,022), Ardahan (112,721), Kilis (118,457) and Gümüshane (130,825).
The average age of the population was calculated as 28.3 years. Half of the population is younger than the average. The average age for men is 27.7 years while for women it is 28.8. Average age for urban residents is 28.4 years while for rural residents it is 27.9.
The majority of the population, 66.5 percent is between the ages of 15 and 64, considered the working population.
26.4 percent are younger than 14 while 7.1 percent are older than 65.
According to the census, there are 98,064 registered foreigners in Turkey, with 42,228 residing in Istanbul, followed by 11,495 in Bursa, 7,166 in Ankara, 6,707 in Izmir and 6,343 in Antalya.
Citizens in Turkey:
Deputy Prime Minister Nazim Ekren, speaking at a press conference where the census results were announced, said when the number of foreign residents was subtracted from the total population, the number of citizens residing in Turkey was 70,487,917.
Ekren also said the population had increased by 4.1 percent between 2000 and 2008, adding, “the nominal and real increase in national income was considerably higher than this figure. So we must expect an increase in per capita income.”
The head of TÜIK, Dr. Can Gürsel, said the new population census will affect all the economic and social figures from top to bottom, the Anatolia news agency reported. “All figures, from per capita income to per capita health expenses, will need to change,” he said, adding all future projection will need to be revised in accordance with the latest figures.
He said the reason behind the population being lower than projected could be the fact that individuals were registered more than once.
Ekren said population composition is of critical importance to social, economic, cultural and demographic policies of the state.
“With the new system we will be able to get our hands on the necessary demographic figures of particular areas for specific periods while also knowing population movements. We also will not have to impose a curfew to conduct a census,” he said.
Interior Minister Besir Atalay, also speaking at the press conference, said the new system was also an address data bank. Turkey’s population includes both citizens and non-citizens living in Turkey, noted Atalay, adding that the number of Turkish citizens living overseas was believed to be around 3.5 million.
Figure lower than projected:
TÜIK President Ömer Demir, in response to a question, said they had expected the population to be a bit higher. “Projections were based on the 2000 census and consequently mistaken projections are mostly due to the fact that the results of 2000 were not too sound,” he said.
Professor Hakan Ercan from the Middle East Technical University’s Department of Economics described TÜIK’s decision to announce the figures that were 3 to 4 million lower than projected as “courageous.” He also said the fact that the young population was so large showed Turkey needed to ignore the debate on the headscarf and focus on education.
The TÜIK chairman said fugitives and terrorists were also included in this figure. “We got their information from their families,” he said.
Demir also said the census can technically be held often, but currently it will be held annually bearing Turkey’s needs in mind. “If there is a need for holding a census more often, we will consider it.”
Which one more reliable:
“The former system applied in 2000 was more reliable in the methodological sense,” said Helga Rittersberger Tiliç, a sociologist from the Middle East Technical University. “There may be a significant number of unregistered people in rural areas due to migration to cities and seasonal jobs,” she said.
“Girls, for instance, are usually registered at a later date. They don’t mostly register at the registration offices until they get in contact with official authorities for their enrollment in school etc. Some may have registered in their hometown but work in another place, which may cause a deviation in the 2007 results,” according to Tiliç, however she said the figure of 70.5 million was expected.
Commenting on the average age of 28.3 in Turkey she said it was something European Union countries longed for. She said while the age pyramid indicates the number of old people is on the rise, it still is quite low compared to the working population.