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Turkey’s Energy Infrastructure Security Challenge: Protecting Pipelines and Bolstering International Security Cooperation 13 novembre 2013

Posted by Acturca in Caucasus / Caucase, Energy / Energie, Turkey / Turquie.
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Expert Opinion (GFSIS) No. 13, 2013, 14 p.
Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies

Eric R. Eissler *

In the past ten years, Turkey has been a rising star as an “energy hub” for the region. Two major pipelines and one soon-to-be refurbished railway corridor (Baku-Tbilisi-Kars) have been created. The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC)transports oil and the Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum (BTE) transports natural gas. The next major and, perhaps, most important pipeline will be the Trans-Anatolian Gas Pipeline (TANAP) project which will transfer Azerbaijani gas through Turkey into Europe via the Trans-Adriatic Gas Pipeline (TAP). It is well known that for Europe, Turkey is the alternative route around Russia for energy supplies. It is also well known that Europe’s need for energy has been growing quickly and there are more and more pipelines being laid, either on the ground or on paper, and most of them are passing through Turkey. As it can be seen from the aforementioned pipelines and railway, all roads originate in Baku. Turkey is a major point of transit and not a major hydrocarbon producer. Nevertheless, Turkey can sometimes be an unreliable transit country due to terrorism on pipelines, overestimation and/or underestimation of its own gas needs and sometimes failing to deliver (Turkey-Greece ITG interconnector pipeline inaugural incident) the said energy.

* Eric R. Eissler is a freelance translator, writer, and editor in Istanbul.

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