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The AKP/Gülen Crisis in Turkey: Consequences for Central Asia and the Caucasus 26 avril 2014

Posted by Acturca in Caucasus / Caucase, Central Asia / Asie Centrale, Turkey / Turquie.
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Central Asia Policy Briefs (Elliot School of International Affairs) No.16 April 2014
George Washington University

Bayram Balci *

The AKP government, in power since 2002, has long benefited from the unconditional and valuable support of Fethullah Gülen’s sphere of influence, which stretches across many domains. This influence is most notable in domestic policy, where his media network has supported the government’s efforts to democratize the state and its institutions, contain the political role of the military, and advance Turkey’s EU candidacy. Their cordial entente was equally, if not more, effective in foreign policy. This is particularly the case in Central Asia and South Caucasus, where the AKP and Gülen have spoken with one voice to establish the cultural, economic, and political influence of Turkey. This cooperation was all the more harmonious due to the fact that from a sociological point of view, the AKP and Gülen share the same social base. However, on December 17, 2013, after having traversed several crises both in foreign and domestic policy, this alliance imploded.

* Bayram Balci is a visiting scholar in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where his research focuses on Turkey and Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Caucasus.

The Central Asia Program (CAP) at George Washington University aims to promote high-quality academic research on contemporary Central Asia, and to become an interface for the policy, academic, diplomatic, and business communities by providing a forum for discussion.

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