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Syrian Refugees and Turkey’s Challenges: Going beyond Hospitality 12 mai 2014

Posted by Acturca in Middle East / Moyen Orient, Turkey / Turquie.
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Report (The Brookings Institution) May 12, 2014                             Türkçe

By Kemal Kirişci *

The first Syrian refugees began to cross into Turkey in April 2011. This was at a time when Turkey’s relations with the Syrian government had not yet been ruptured. The Turkish side was deeply engaged in efforts to persuade Bashar al-Assad to avoid harsh measures against protests that began in March 2011. However, when the Syrian government, instead, chose to use increasing repression and violence against civilians, relations between the two countries deteriorated very quickly. By the end of 2011, the Turkish government had thrown its weight completely behind the Syrian opposition and recognized the then-Syrian National Council as the representative of the Syrian people.

* Kemal Kirişci is the TÜSİAD senior fellow and director of the Center on the United States and Europe’s Turkey Project at Brookings, with an expertise in Turkish foreign policy and migration studies.

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