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Turkey-Egypt Relations: Incentives to Normalize 23 septembre 2014

Posted by Acturca in Middle East / Moyen Orient, Turkey / Turquie.
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GPoT Policy Brief (GPoT Center) No. 40, September 2014, 14 p.

By Omar Sheira *

The 2011 Arab uprisings marked a turning point for Turkey’s foreign policy toward the Middle East. When the protests erupted in Egypt, former Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan became the first leader to voice support for former President Hosni Mubarak’s immediate resignation. However, the months following Morsi’s removal marked an historic deterioration of bilateral ties: Egypt’s ambassador to Turkey was withdrawn; Turkey’s ambassador to Egypt was expelled; both countries declared each other’s ambassador persona non grata; and Egypt downgraded its relations with Turkey to chargé d’affaires. This policy brief advocates renewing efforts to revive bilateral diplomatic relations between Turkey and Egypt, both countries of strategic importance. Further, it explores the geopolitical, security, economic, and capacity-building incentives which can facilitate the normalization of Turkish-Egyptian relations.

* Omar Sheira is an associate Project Assistant at GPoT Center. He is the recipient of a Master’s degree in International and Human Rights Law from Tilburg University. His research focuses on the Middle Eastern and North African region, counter-terrorism and conflict resolution.

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