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How ISIS Could Soon Control Close to Half of the Syrian Border with Turkey 7 octobre 2014

Posted by Acturca in Middle East / Moyen Orient, Turkey / Turquie, USA / Etats-Unis.
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The National Interest (USA) October 7, 2014

Michael Werz and Max Hoffman *

The end appears very near in Kobani (Ayn al-Arab) in northern Syria as ISIS closes in on the city from three sides. For the past two weeks, Kurdish fighters of the People’s Protection Units, or YPG (the military arm of the Democratic Union Party), have resisted an intense offensive by ISIS militants there. (suite…)

Turkey and the PKK: How to deal with Syria’s Kurds 4 octobre 2014

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The Economist (UK) no. 950

Saturday, October 4, 2014

The emergence of another Kurdish entity on its borders unsettles the government. (suite…)

Quel engagement de la Turquie dans la coalition contre l’organisation de l’Etat islamique ? 2 octobre 2014

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France 24, jeudi 2 octobre 2014

Le Débat, Vanessa Burggraf

La Turquie participe à la coalition qui lutte contre l’organisation de l’Etat Islamique. Le parlement turc, dominé par le parti au pouvoir l’AKP, a donné son feu vert. Elle devient ainsi le 13ème pays à intervenir militairement en Irak et en Syrie. (suite…)

Turkey to Vote on Syria Policy 1 octobre 2014

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Policy Analysis (The Washington Institute for Near East Policy) N° 2317, Oct 1, 2014

Soner Cagaptay *

Turkey has thus far avoided overt participation in the international airstrikes against ISIS, reflecting its continued vulnerability to the group and its complex policy priorities in neighboring Syria. (suite…)

Turkey’s Human Rights Rollback: Recommendations for Reform 29 septembre 2014

Posted by Acturca in Turkey / Turquie.
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HRW Report (Human Rights Watch) September 2014

Emma Sinclair-Webb *

This 38-page report outlines the rollback of human rights and rule of law in Turkey, linked to mass anti-government protests in 2013 and corruption allegations that go to the very heart of the government of the ruling AKP. (suite…)

La clarification bienvenue d’Ankara 27 septembre 2014

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Le Monde (France) A la Une, samedi 27 septembre 2014, p. 1

Éditorial

Après des mois de valse-hésitation, le président turc, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a mis fin aux ambiguïtés, si ce n’est au double jeu, d’Ankara. Le 23 septembre, lors de l’Assemblée générale de l’ONU, à New York, il s’est engagé à soutenir la coalition organisée par les Etats-Unis pour combattre l’Etat islamique (EI). (suite…)

Double jeu : les méandres de l’attitude trouble de la Turquie face aux Califoutraques islamiques 25 septembre 2014

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Atlantico.fr (France) Jeudi 25 septembre 2014

Alain Rodier *

Le gouvernement turc s’apprête à autoriser les avions militaires américains à utiliser la base d’Incirlik, dans un but humanitaire et logistique uniquement, mais reste réticent à l’idée de participer à une opération militaire. (suite…)

Fuyant l’Etat islamique, les Kurdes affluent en Turquie 23 septembre 2014

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Le Monde (France) mardi 23 septembre 2014, p. 5

Marie Jégo, Istanbul Correspondante

Les djihadistes ont lancé une offensive sur la ville syrienne de Kobané, à la frontière, et tirent sur les cohortes de réfugiés. Poussés à l’exode par les récentes conquêtes territoriales de l’Etat islamique (EI) au nord de la Syrie, plus de 130 000 personnes, en majorité des Kurdes, ont trouvé refuge en Turquie, dimanche 21 septembre, selon un ministre turc. (suite…)

Thousands of Kurds flee Syria for Turkey 22 septembre 2014

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The Guardian (UK) Monday, September 22, 2014, p. 17

Martin Chulov, Middle East correspondent

Call for aid and US air strikes as Isis extremists’ advance triggers unprecedented flood of refugees. More than 70,000 Kurds fled from northern Syria into Turkey at the weekend and tens of thousands more were trying to cross the border as the terror group Islamic State (Isis) intensified its assault on a crucial Kurdish safe haven near the border. (suite…)

U.S., Kurdish fates intertwine in jihad threat 10 septembre 2014

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The Wall Street Journal Asia (USA) September 10, 2014, p. 14 & 15

by Joe Parkinson and Adam Entous, Erbil, Iraq

The anti-Islamic State strategy the U.S. is developing first began to take shape a month ago after a series of increasingly urgent phone calls from this Kurdish city. (suite…)

The Implications of the War on ISIS in Kurdistan 6 septembre 2014

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Review of Regional Affairs (ORSAM) No.10, September 2014                 Türkçe

Othman Ali *

The war which the Islamic state in Iraq and Sham (ISIS) has started in northern Iraq, the subsequent human tragedy in Sinjar, and threat to the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) have alarmed the West the United States in particular, to introduce an overall change in policy towards Iraq and the KRG. (suite…)

The Kurds in the spotlight: local and regional challenges 29 avril 2014

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NOREF Report (Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre) April 2014

Ana Villellas *

The Kurds in Syria, Turkey and Iraq face complex challenges. Among the current Kurdish realities, the emergence of Kurdish self-governing areas in northern Syria controlled by what is considered to be the Syrian branch of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) generates considerable uncertainty. (suite…)

The Nation-State’s Blurred Borders: Erdoğan and the Emergence of Kurdistan in Turkey 10 janvier 2014

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IPC-Mercator Policy Brief, January 2014

Kerem Öktem *

2012-2013 has marked a significant departure from Turkey’s traditional Kurdish policy. This departure pertains above all to the actors involved and the larger political space in which it is negotiated. In terms of actors, the Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has introduced into the Turkish political system the Iraqi Kurdish leader Masoud Barzani as an alternative to the incarcerated chair of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), Abdullah Öcalan. (suite…)

Crying “Wolf”: Why Turkish Fears Need Not Block Kurdish Reform 7 octobre 2013

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Europe Report (International Crisis Group) N°227                                  Türkçe

Istanbul/Brussels, 7 October 2013

Negotiations underway since late 2012 between Turkey’s government and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) are stalling. A ceasefire announced on 23 March 2013 remains precarious, as maximalist rhetoric gains renewed traction on both sides. (suite…)

Hussein Ibish on Kurdish autonomy 22 septembre 2013

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The National (UAE) September 22, 2013, p. 2

Hussein Ibish *

“Even more remarkable than Turkey’s about-face regarding virtual Kurdish independence in Iraq and Syria, is the growing sentiment in Baghdad in favour of full Kurdish independence.” (suite…)

The Kurds: new perspectives? 14 août 2013

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House of Commons (UK) Standard notes SN06708, 14 August 2013

Ben Smith

The Arab uprisings and, in particular, the Syrian conflict have thrown most assumptions about the region and its borders into doubt, with relevance to the stateless Kurdish people. (suite…)

Guerre des clans au sommet de l’Etat turc 30 mai 2013

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Le Monde (France) jeudi 30 mai 2013, p. PEH2
Géo & Politique

Guillaume Perrier, Istanbul, correspondance

La lutte d’influence reprend entre le premier ministre Erdogan et les adeptes de la confrérie Gülen. (suite…)

Kurdish politician views US role in peace process, Turkey’s Syria policy 23 mai 2013

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BBC Monitoring European (UK) 23 May 2013                                         Türkçe

Text of report by Turkish newspaper Milliyet on 21 May

Interview with Ahmet Turk by Pinar Ersoy in Washington date not given: « Process Will be Adversely Affected if Syrian Kurds are Forgotten » (suite…)

Regional implications of PKK’s truce with Turkey 23 mai 2013

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Today’s Zaman (Turkey) 23 May 2013, p. 14

by Othman Ali *

If the current truce between Turkey and the PKK holds or ends in a peace treaty, it has the potential to seriously weaken the Iraqi government’s resolve to assert its power vis-à-vis the Kurdistan Regional Government and the peace process may further strain the relationship between Baghdad and Arbil. (suite…)

Le printemps arabe mène-t-il à la résolution de la question kurde ? 20 mai 2013

Posted by Acturca in Energy / Energie, Middle East / Moyen Orient, Turkey / Turquie.
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Le Figaro (France) no. 21396, lundi 20 mai 2013, p. 13

Laure Marchand, Istanbul

De la Turquie à l’Irak en passant par la Syrie, les convulsions qui secouent la région font le jeu des autonomistes. (suite…)